What are pointer?

A pointer is a variable whose value is the address of another variable. Like any
variable or constant, you must declare a pointer before you can work with it. The
general form of a pointer variable declaration is:

type *var-name;
Here, type is the pointer’s base type; it must be a valid C++ type and var-
name is the name of the pointer variable. The asterisk you used to declare a
pointer is the same asterisk that you use for multiplication. However, in this
statement the asterisk is being used to designate a variable as a pointer.

Following are the valid pointer declaration:

int *ip; // pointer to an integer
double *dp; // pointer to a double
float *fp; // pointer to a float
char *ch // pointer to character

The actual data type of the value of all pointers, whether integer, float,
character, or otherwise, is the same, a long hexadecimal number that represents
a memory address. The only difference between pointers of different data types
is the data type of the variable or constant that the pointer points to.

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