Low Level Languages
Low-level languages are designed to operate and handle the entire hardware and instructions set architecture of a computer directly.
Low-level languages are considered to be closer to computers. In other words, their prime function is to operate, manage and manipulate the computing hardware and components. Programs and applications written in low-level language are directly executable on the computing hardware without any interpretation or translation.
In simple language, low-level language are machine or computer understandable. Machines understand only Low-Level Language.
Machine language and assembly language are popular examples of low level languages.
High Level Languages
High level languages are designed to be used by the human operator or the programmer. They are referred to as “closer to humans.” In other words, their programming style and context is easier to learn and implement, and the entire code generally focuses on the specific program to be created.
High-level language doesn’t require addressing hardware constraints to a greater extent when developing a program. However, every single program written in a high level language must be interpreted into machine language before being executed by the computer.
BASIC, C/C++ and Java are popular examples of high-level languages.